Voltage Doubler and Primary Rectifier
On power supplies without active PCF circuit you will find a voltage doubler. The voltage doubler uses two big electrolytic capacitors. So the bigger capacitors found on the power supply belongs to this stage. Like we mentioned before, the voltage doubler is only used if you are connecting your power supply to a 127 V power grid.
Next to the two electrolytic capacitors you will find a rectifying bridge. This bridge can be made by four diodes or by a single component, see Figure 15. On high-performance power supplies this rectifying bridge is connected to a heatsink.
On the primary you will also find a NTC thermistor, which is a resistor that changes its resistance according to the temperature. It is used to reconfigure the power supply after it is used for a while and it is hot. NTC stands for Negative Temperature Coefficient. This component resembles a ceramic disc capacitor and is usually olive green.
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Switching Power Supply Diagram
- 3. Inside a PC Power Supply
- 4. Transient Filtering
- 5. Voltage Doubler and Primary Rectifier
- 6. Active PFC
- 7. Switching Transistors
- 8. Transformers and PWM Control Circuit
- 9. The Secondary
- 10. The Secondary (Cont’d)